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Diabetes can lead to Hemodialysis

Levels of blood sugar in people with uncontrolled diabetes can cause various complications. A condition is bad and expensive that causes kidney failure forced to wash the blood.

"Most patients on dialysis are usually people with diabetes and hypertension as a result," said Dante Harbuwono Sakson, a specialist in diseases of the Division of Metabolism and Endocrinology, University of Indonesia, in the speech event arena on diabetes in the Women's Health Expo on Friday (5/2/2010).

Just to illustrate, in the U.S. study, 100 percent of dialysis patients, about 43 percent of whom are people with diabetes, 28 percent of people with high blood pressure, and the remainder due to other diseases .

Chronic diseases

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease as a result of high levels of blood sugar. High levels of blood sugar caused by the body's inability to produce the hormone insulin or ineffective use of insulin production. blood sugar may increase due to food, stress, illness and certain medications.

Dante said that if uncontrolled blood sugar, complications can occur. Complications associated with metabolic changes. In the kidney, for example, alteration or change in the circulation and filtering functions.

In the kidney there are millions of tiny blood vessels that act as filters to remove waste products from the blood. High levels of blood sugar make the kidneys filter too much blood.

After several years, the system will filter leakage of protein in the urine. The weight of the kidneys, which causes the kidneys lose their ability to filter the blood causing kidney failure. The control of blood sugar and blood pressure to minimize the possibility of kidney damage.

"The blood pressure should also be kept high in order not to affect the function because it is too," he said. How to maintain levels of blood sugar and blood pressure, among others, with a proper diet, regular exercise, and consumption of drugs if necessary.

Fatty deposits

Another complication is rupture of the heart. About 75-80 percent of diabetes deaths due to abnormalities of the heart and blood vessels. This is because the incidence of fatty deposits in blood vessels that obstructs blood flow. If this occurs in blood vessels of the heart, can cause a heart attack.

In addition, complications can also change other blood vessels in the eye (blindness), genitals, legs and brain.

The precipitating factors of diabetes mellitus, among others, lack of exercise, overeating, pregnancy, and lack of insulin production. Diabetes is not curable, but the levels of sugar in the blood can be controlled so that various complications can be prevented.

Dante says, a problem more serious type II diabetes. The number of victims continues to grow. In Jakarta, for example, in 1980, the prevalence of diabetes by 2.8 percent in 2005 to 12.1 percent.

One obstacle is the management of patients with diabetes do not find the correct information and try to treat. The victims, for example, assume, consume the bitter and sour, as brotowali, stop, or noni fruit, goes against diabetes.

Many times after consuming the materials and people with not doing more to control the disease. Another problem is that people with low level of compliance. With no symptoms, then the pattern of people living with a back injury.


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